Many challenging problems in the modern science and technology are related to preparation, properties, and utilization of novel functional materials. The polymer chemistry and the chemical microelectronics programs represent parts of the multidisciplinary effort in this field. The many-pronged approach includes: synthesis and molecular characterization of well-defined block and graft copolymers; preparation of new engineering thermoplastics and liquid crystalline materials; synthesis, modification and processing of polymers in super-critical carbon dioxide; chemical design of hybrid polymers for catalysis and photoredox activity, polymers for microelectronics applications including 193 nm and 157 nm photoresists and low-k dielectrics, and defined microstructures.
Chemical microelectronics is focused on preparation of organic and inorganic electronic materials; microscopic patterning of thin films using novel techniques, plasma, ion beam, laser beam, etc.; kinetics of etching and film formation; characterization of mechanical, electronic, and optical properties; spatially resolved chemical analysis of surfaces, interfaces, and thin films and microstructures. A broad variety of expertise includes visualization and probing of submicrometer surface structures by scanning probe microscopy, characterization of polymer dynamics by NMR techniques and light scattering, measurement of molecular conductivity, and analytical as well as computational and numerical methods in polymers.
Professor Michael Rubinsten is one of the authors of an article featured on the cover of Angewandte Chemie, discussing how the resemblance between colloidal and molecular polymerization reactions is very useful in fundamental studies of polymerization reactions, as well as in the development of new nanoscale systems with desired properties. Future applications of colloidal polymers will require nanoparticle ensembles with a high degree of complexity that can be realized by hetero-assembly of NPs with different dimensions, shapes, and compositions.
The article describes how a method has been developed to apply strategies from molecular copolymerization to the co-assembly of gold nanorods with different dimensions into random and block copolymer structures, plasmonic copolymers. The approach was extended to the co-assembly of random copolymers of gold and palladium nanorods. A kinetic model validated and further expanded the kinetic theories developed for molecular copolymerization reactions.
Assistant Professor Scott Warren, a joint faculty member with the Department of Chemistry and the Applied Physical Sciences Department here at UNC, is one of the co-authors of an article, published in Angewandte Chemie, describing how single crystals of a cyclodextrin-based metal-organic framework, MOF, infused with an ionic electrolyte and flanked by silver electrodes act as memristors. The article is highlighted in ChemistryWorld, where the invention is referred to as "Computer Memory Made From Sugar Cube."
Tony Kenyon, an electronic engineer at University College London, says the sugar-cube memory-performance would not be compatible with existing complementary metal oxide semiconductor, CMOS, technology, the staple of modern computing. But he also points out that other applications could be very interesting. The authors comment that commercial RRAMs have faster read and write times, but state they believe they can make this type of memory cheaper and most definitely greener. The researchers are thinking along the lines of "biodegradable memory."
Switchable Micropatterned Surface Topographies Mediated by Reversible Shape Memory. Sara A. Turner, Jing Zhou, Sergei S. Sheiko, and Valerie Sheares Ashby. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2014, 6 (11), pp 8017–8021.
Particle Replication in Nonwetting Templates Nanoparticles with Tumor Selective Alkyl Silyl Ether Docetaxel Prodrug Reduces Toxicity. Kevin S. Chu, Mathew C. Finniss, Allison N. Schorzman, Jennifer L. Kuijer, J. Christopher Luft, Charles J. Bowerman, Mary E. Napier, Zishan A. Haroon, William C. Zamboni. Nano Lett., 2014, 14 (3), pp 1472–1476.
Controlling Molecular Weight of a High Efficiency Donor-Acceptor Conjugated Polymer and Understanding Its Significant Impact on Photovoltaic Properties. Wentao Li, Liqiang Yang, John R. Tumbleston, Liang Yan, Harald Ade, and Wei You. Adv. Mat., First published online, 14 MAR 2014, DOI: 10.1002/adma.201305251.
The Influence of Molecular Orientation on Organic Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells. John R. Tumbleston, Brian A. Collins, Eliot Gann, Wei Ma and Harald Ade, Liqiang Yang, Andrew C. Stuart and Wei You. Nature Photonics (2014) doi:10.1038/nphoton.2014.55.
Copolymerization of Metal Nanoparticles: A Route to Colloidal Plasmonic Copolymers. Kun Liu, Ariella Lukach, Kouta Sugikawa, Siyon Chung, Jemma Vickery, Heloise Therien-Aubin, Bai Yang, Michael Rubinstein, and Eugenia Kumacheva. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Volume 53, Issue 10, pages 2648–2653, March 3, 2014.
Storage of Electrical Information in Metalâ€“Organic-Framework Memristors. Seok Min Yoon, Scott C. Warren, and Bartosz A. Grzybowski. Article first published online: 14 MAR 2014, DOI: 10.1002/anie.201309642.
Self-Healing of Unentangled Polymer Networks with Reversible Bonds. Evgeny B. Stukalin, Li-Heng Cai, N. Arun Kumar, Ludwik Leibler, and Michael Rubinstein. Macromolecules, 2013, 46 (18), pp 7525â€“7541.
Nonflammable Perfluoropolyether-Based Electrolytes for Lithium Batteries. Dominica H. C. Wong, Jacob L. Thelen, Yanbao Fu, Didier Devaux, Ashish A. Pandya, Vincent S. Battaglia, Nitash P. Balsara, and Joseph M. DeSimone. PNAS, Online: DOI10.1073/pnas.1314615111.
Synthetically Encoding 10 nm Morphology in Silicon Nanowires. Joseph D. Christesen, Christopher W. Pinion, Erik M. Grumstrup, John M. Papanikolas, and James F. Cahoon. Nano Lett., 2013, 13 (12), pp 6281â€“6286.
Nanoparticle Drug Loading as a Design Parameter to Improve Docetaxel Pharmacokinetics and Efficacy. Kevin S. Chu, Allison N. Schorzman, Mathew C. Finniss, Charles J. Bowerman, Lei Peng, James C. Luft, Andrew J. Madden, Andrew Z. Wang, William C. Zamboni, Joseph M. DeSimone. Biomaterials, Volume 34, Issue 33, November 2013, Pages 8424â€“8429.